Saint Paul de Mausole Asylum. Originally a Franciscan convent, the monastic buildings were converted in the 19th century to a mental asylum, where Vincent van Gogh voluntarily committed himself in May 1889 until June 1890, just before his suicide. His time at Saint Paul was extremely productive, leading to more than 100 paintings, including some of his most famous. Throughout Van Gogh's stay at the asylum he experienced periods of illness when he could not paint. When he was able to resume, painting provided solace and meaning for him. Nature seemed especially meaningful to him, trees, the landscape, even caterpillars as representative of the opportunity for transformation and budding flowers symbolizing the cycle of life. One of the more recognizable works of this period is The Irises. Works of the interior of the hospital convey the isolation and sadness that he felt. From the window of his cell he saw an enclosed wheat field, the subject of many paintings that Van Gogh made from his room in Saint-Rémy.